This is the one adoption term I hear more than any other. "Does she get to see her real parents? Her real family?" It makes me feel stuck between answering (because I know what people mean) and correcting. Why would I correct this term? Its simple. What is the definition of real? According to my google search, real means, "Actually existing as a thing or occurring in fact; not imagined or supposed: "Julius Caesar was a real person"." Birth parents actually exist. This beautiful child didn't grow in a flower. She grew in a womb. A real womb. And she is being raised by a real parent (me) at least I think I am real.
In our house we use birth parent/family for Sweetie (since her adoption is finalized) and just parent/family for foster kids whose parental rights haven't been terminated.
Now that we have established that everyone is real, here are some terms you can practice with - birth parent/family, natural parent/family, biological parent/family. All work, some are preferred more than others by different families - but all are better than "real."
When someone hears I am a foster parent or have just adopted, one of the first getting to know you questions is do you have any kids. I generally respond by saying that I have x-number of kids living with me. The follow up to that is, "Do you have any kids of your own?" Again, I know what they mean. But as long as my foster children are with me, they are my responsibly, they live with me 24/7, it is my job to feed them, love them, make sure they make it to school and do their homework. They sure feel like my own. And my daughter who I have adopted? She is my OWN child. She isn't biologically my child, but she is my own - I claim her and love her deeply. A better way to ask the question might be, "How many kids do you have?" And leave it at that.
Also, when you are talking to a biological parent, their children who have been adopted are still their own children. So you can still ask, "How many kids do you have?" That way it opens the door if people want to share more, without presuming anything.
Children who have been adopted (and ironically those who haven't been adopted) grow up. This is a pet-peeve of mine, because it feels like the adoption world forgets this fact - children grow up, have voices and views and thoughts all their own. So much so that in word, the word adoptee comes up as a misspelled word. When they are no longer kids, the correct terminology is Adoptee or adopted person. That's the only point.
Adoption affects a person (and both of their families) for life, but its a past event and also only one part of who they are. So instead of asking is someone IS adopted, you can ask if they were adopted. (Thanks jamielaw16 for pointing this out in the comments section!)
She is SO lucky (to be adopted by you)
At the most basic level a child who is "adoptable," has lose their first family and their first home at the very least. I have heard it said that adoption is trauma. So even if the child is in a more healthy and safe home with you, lucky isn't the right word. I often correct people, she isn't lucky, I am the lucky one because I get to be her Mamma. Cause we know that's the truth.
You should be Grateful, You’re so lucky
A theme I hear from adoptees over any over (thanks for the anonymous comment in the comment section), are people telling them they should be "grateful" or feel lucky they have been adopted. See above adoption lingo correction first and then realize that just as adoption carries with it pain, the types of adoptive families vary much, the support the adoptee received varies much and people in general vary much. So instead of "should-ing" people into one category or another, lets ask each-other our stories and then listen (or be respectful if someone doesn't want to share their story), because some stories would leave a person FAR from grateful.